Invitro Fertilization (IVF)
This is the most common treatment to deal with couples who have failed to conceive naturally.
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The technique of IVF consists of bringing about the fusion of the egg and the sperm outside the body in the laboratory. IVF involves the taking injections to form and mature multiple eggs in one menstrual cycle of a woman. These once fertilized (fused) with the sperm will yield many embryos. The more the number of embryos, the higher the chances that a pregnancy will occur since all embryos will not grow and implant in the womb to grow into a live baby. Only some will. Hence, it is important to have many eggs unlike in a natural cycle where only one egg reaches maturity.
Where couple is infertile
- Blocked or absent fallopian tubes
- Irregular ovulation as in PCOS
- Low sperm count or motility
- Absent sperms (Azoospermia)
- Unexplained Infertility
- Multiple failed attempts at IUI
- Decreased egg reserve/early menopause ( Need for donor egg)
- Inability to go through a term pregnancy- Scarred /absent uterus (Need for Surrogacy)
Where Couple is not infertile
- Genetic disorders(Requiring PGD)
- Recurrent miscarriage (Requiring PGS)
- Before Cancer chemotherapy to preserve eggs/embryos as there will be irreversible damage to ovaries
- One partner is HIV or Hepatitis B & C positive to avoid infection in other partner
Steps in IVF Treatment
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Frequently Asked Questions
Day one of your cycle is considered your first day of full flow menstrual bleeding, not spotting. If this occurs after 2 p.m., the next day is considered day one.
This will depend on your individual response to the medications. During an IVF cycle at our clinic, you will have between four to six appointments, including one for the egg retrieval. We do not encourage unnecessary travel to the clinic. However, this varies from patient to patient and also with the stage of treatment. During these visits egg and endometrial development are checked. Some blood tests may be advised to assess egg maturity and decide on the drug dosage.
No, not generally. It lasts approximately 15 to 20 minutes, and general anaesthesia is given. Some patients have mild cramping after the procedure and are discharged with a prescription for pain medication.
No. Children born from IVF are no more inclined to any particular birth defect than those conceived naturally.
We find that most couples will get pregnant within 2 tries. Occasionally, there may be a reason to do a third attempt but that is not common. More than this may be tried if the couple is keen.
It can take up to 6 weeks for inflammation to resolve; therefore, it is reasonable to wait a similar amount of time before restarting the process